WelcomeNEWSHMCTechnologyCCSGeothermalContact Us

The Impact of Geothermal Energy on Local Economies

Benefits of Geothermal Energy

Geothermal energy offers numerous benefits for local economies.

1. Job Creation

Developing geothermal projects requires skilled workers, such as engineers, geologists, and construction workers. These projects create job opportunities in areas where geothermal resources are abundant. Additionally, the operation and maintenance of geothermal power plants also provide employment.

2. Revenue Generation

Geothermal energy can generate revenue for local economies through various channels. One significant source is leasing or selling geothermal rights to developers. Additionally, geothermal power plants contribute to the local tax base, providing funds for infrastructure development and public services.

3. Energy Independence

Embracing geothermal energy reduces dependence on fossil fuels. This energy source is abundant and available locally in many regions, making it a reliable and sustainable alternative. By reducing the reliance on imported fuels, local economies can achieve greater energy security and stability.

Case Study: The Impact of Geothermal Energy in Iceland

Iceland serves as an excellent example of how geothermal energy can positively impact local economies.

Job Creation

The geothermal sector in Iceland has created a significant number of jobs. It is estimated that around 5% of the Icelandic workforce is employed in the geothermal industry. These jobs range from geothermal plant operators to research and development professionals.

Revenue Generation

Geothermal power plants contribute a substantial portion to Iceland's economy. They generate revenue by selling electricity to the national grid and exporting it to neighboring countries. Additionally, the tourism industry has thrived due to Iceland's famous geothermal attractions, such as the Blue Lagoon.

Environmental Benefits

Geothermal energy has helped Iceland reduce its reliance on fossil fuels and achieve carbon neutrality. This transition has positively impacted the environment and attracted environmentally conscious tourists, further boosting the local economy.


Geothermal energy has significant potential to boost local economies by creating jobs, generating revenue, and promoting energy independence. Countries like Iceland have successfully harnessed geothermal resources to build sustainable economies. By further exploring and investing in geothermal energy, other regions can also experience the positive impacts.


Q: How expensive is geothermal energy?

A: The upfront cost of building geothermal power plants can be substantial. However, geothermal energy has long-term cost advantages as it has low operational and maintenance costs compared to fossil fuel-based power plants.

Q: Is geothermal energy available everywhere?

A: Geothermal resources vary from region to region. However, certain countries, such as Iceland, the United States, and the Philippines, have abundant geothermal resources.

Q: Is geothermal energy sustainable?

A: Yes, geothermal energy is a sustainable and renewable energy source. It does not rely on depletable resources and produces very minimal greenhouse gas emissions.